When we talk about the history of our land, many question arises in our minds. One basic question arises is that who made these forts and how old do these forts go back? As we all know that the Sub-Continent is a historical place and some of the great rulers were here in the past, prior to the time of parcel Mughal rulers were understood in their particular structural planning and fabricated various Forts around the region. Each Emperor had its own particular slant towards building design. For instance, Emperor Jehangir was partial to Gardens and constructed a popular royal palace Jehangir’s Quadrangle. Shah Jehan fabricated Dewar-e-Khass and Moti Mosque. Aurangzeb included the delightful principle entryway arranged between the Badshahi Mosque and the Lahore Fort.
These forts are mark of our glorious history, culture and traditions. These forts tell us stories of our forefathers. Today, these huge constructions are not only a symbol of our heritage but also an amazing tourist spot.
Lahore fort is locally knows as Shahi Qila, is a citadel in the city of Lahore, Pakistan. The trapezoidal composition is spread over 20 hectares. The origin of the fort extends far to the reign of Mughal Emperor Akbar between 1556-1605. It was regularly upgraded by subsequent Mughal rulers and after the fall of the Mughal Emperor it fell to Sikh and British rulers. If we just origin of the fort, so it’s unclear who first built the fort. There are many myths but according to Hindu myths, the foundations were attributed to Loh, the mythical son of Lord Rama, and that’s why it is one of the historical forts in Pakistan.
In 1980, the Govt. of Pakistan nominated the fort for inclusion in UNESCO World Heritage Site based on the criteria I, ii and iii together with the Shalimar. Later in 1981, the World Heritage Site committee added this monument in the list. This is why it is one of the historical forts in Pakistan.
ALSO SEE: Archeological sites in Pakistan
The Multan Fort was a military installation and was a landmark of Indian defense and architecture. According to some beliefs, the fort was built between 800 to 1000 BC. The Fort was built near the city of Multan, on a small hill by the Ravi River. The fort was destroyed by the British forces during the British rule in India.
The fort was notable both for its effectiveness as a defense installation and for its architecture. Contemporary reports put the walls of the fort at 40 to 70 feet (21 m) high and 6,800 feet (2 km) in circumference. Within the fort stood a citadel flanked by 30 towers, enclosing mosques, a Hindu temple and a Khan’s palace. The citadel was severely damaged by the battering it got from the guns of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1818.
Pharwala is a historic fort which is located about 40 km away from Rawalpindi, Pakistan. A miracle is that it is naturally defensed by Himalayan range and on the other side by the Swaan River. This fort was built in 15th century on the ruins of a 10th century Shahi Fort.
A small community of Kiani Gakhar lives inside the fort for these days. A very old and very huge tree is also found inside the fort. The fort doesn’t connect to any road thus making the path to it a bit challenging.
Rohtas Fort is a historical landscape located near Jhelum, Punjab, Pakistan. It was built in the 16th century by an Afghan King, Sher Shah Suri to calm the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab. The circumference of the fort is around 4 km. the basic purpose of this fort was to destroy the rebellions.
It almost took 8 years to build the fort, later it was captured by the Mughal Emperor in 1555. Rohtas was also occasionally used for administrative purposes by the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh after he captured it in 1825.
Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan. The walls have a circumference of 1500 meters and stand up to thirty meters high. The fort was built by Rai Jajja Bhatti, a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan. The fort was initially built in 9th century AD to tribute Rawal Deoraj Bhatti, a Rajput King of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur area.
In 18th century, the fort went in the hands of Bhattis and Muslim Nawabs of Bahawalpur. The fort was later renovated by Abbasi rulers. In 1747, the fort slipped from the hands of the Abbasis owing to Bahawal Khan’s preoccupations at Shikarpur. Nawab Mubarak Khan took the stronghold back in 1804. This is why it is one of the historical forts in Pakistan.
Attock Fort was built at Attock Khurdduring the reign of Akbar the Greatfrom 1581 to 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi to protect the passage of the River Indus.
It featured a prominent role in Afghan-Sikh Warsduring the Battle of Attock. Today it is sandwiched between Peshawar Road on one side and the River Induson the other.
It is formally known as Pholra, is a town in Bahawalnagar District in Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated near Faqiwali, on the border of Pakistan and India. Fort Abbas is a historical city and has strategic importance during the Nawab of Bahawalpur’s rule. It was known as Pholra until it was renamed in 1927 by Nawab Sir Sadiq, who named it on his eldest son, Muhammad Abbas.
The land of Fort Abbas is highly fertile, but there is a shortage of water, causing much of the fertile land to be left uncultivated. Hackra Canal is the main to provide most of the water to the area. The major crops are wheat, cotton and sugar cane. That’s why its one of the historical forts in Pakistan.
Bala Hissar is one of the most historic places of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The word Bala Hissar is from Dari Persian, meaning, “elevated or high fort”. The name was given to it by an Afghan King, Timur Shah Durrani (1773-1793). A Sikh empire who conquered Peshawar in the early 19th century named it Samir Garh in 1834 but the name did not become popular. The fort stands on a high mound in the northwestern corner of Peshawar City. The area covered by the inner wall of the fort is about 10 acres (40,000 m2) and the outer wall is about 15 acres (61,000 m2). The height of the fort is about 90 feet (27 m) above ground level.
The Jamrud Fort is located besides Bab-e-Khyber at the entrance to the Khyber Pass in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) of Pakistan. In October 1836, Jamrud was conquered from the Khyberis by the Sikhs. Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa (1791-1837), the well-known Sikh general, proposed to build a big fort at Jamrud.
Qasim Fort is a small fort that was constructed in the 18th century by the Talpur Dynasty when the port of Karachi traded with Oman and Bahrain. The fort was overruled by the British people in 1838, the reason was a strategic location of Karachi. Although the fort has been burnt down by those people but the lighthouse is a reminder of the British presence having built in 1889 to help the ships approaching the harbor. This is why it is one of the historical forts in Pakistan.
As these forts will have great impact on Pakistan’s Tourism so we need to maintain these forts to their standards so they may attract people from worldwide.